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Accueil > Séminaires > Année 2011 > Séminaire M. Sukharev (10 juin 2011)

Séminaire M. Sukharev (10 juin 2011)

Arizona State University

Electrodynamics of quantum many-body systems
optically coupled to plasmonic nanomaterials

With a fast surge of the nanophotonics in recent years, researchers now are able to go far
beyond diffraction limit investigating optical properties of nanomaterials. Despite the progress
on experimental side there are still several fundamental questions to be addressed. One of the
cornerstones of nanophotonics is a set of impressive experiments on hybrid systems -
materials comprised of noble metal nanostructures and ensembles of quantum emitters
(quantum dots, j-aggregates, atoms, etc.). The latter are chosen in such a way that their
internal electronic transitions is in a close proximity of plasmon-polariton resonances of the
metal. Such systems exhibit a wide variety of interesting optical properties.

From the theoretical point of view hybrid materials, present a unique opportunity to
blend classical electrodynamics together with quantum physics at the nanoscale. I will present
a self-consistent model based on direct numerical integration of the Maxwell-Liouville
equations in the time domain in two and three dimensions. I will show the direct comparison
of this model with recent experiments on hybrid systems demonstrating that the present model
of strong coupling widely used in the literature is incomplete. I will show that at high
densities of quantum emitters the hybrid system exhibits excitonic resonances. Optical
properties of molecular clusters will be discussed. I will show that collective effects play an
important role. I will also discuss several future research directions including nonlinear
nanophotonics and Bose-Einstein condensates driven by plasmonic materials.

Affiche Sukharev 2011 - 209.9 ko