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Accueil > Séminaires > Année 2018 > Séminaire de Hamed Merdji (13 mars 2018)

Séminaire de Hamed Merdji (13 mars 2018)

Ultrafast Nanophotonics Group, LIDYL/Attophysics Laboratory, CEA Saclay, France

par Martrenchard-Barra Séverine - 5 février 2018

High harmonic generation in 2D and 3D semiconductors

Ultrafast nano-photonics science is emerging thanks to the extraordinary progresses in nano-fabrication and ultrafast laser science. Nanotechnology enables the engineering of photonic structures at the nanometer scale for enhancing light-matter interaction, which can be exploited in a number of photonic applications. Our research is motivated by the novel fundamental processes occurring while a semiconductor is submitted to a strong laser field. Electrons start to oscillate in coherence and are accelerated by the laser field in the Brillouin zone. After recombination, high order harmonics are emitted, carrying with them precious informations about the fundamental process1-3. Strategies to boost and control at a nanoscale this coherent phenomena is of recent focus4-6. We propose new routes in boosting the non-linear response using nanostructured photonic crystals. Here, we demonstrate field amplification through light confinement in ZnO nano-structured 3D waveguides. Using our novel “nano-amplifiers”, we have observed the amplification of high harmonics from mi-infrared laser-crystal interaction by up to 2 orders of magnitude. Compared to previous works6, we extend enhancement of high harmonic to the highly non-perturbative regime. Amplification of up the 15th harmonic order is reported7. Nanostructuring semiconductors offers also the possible to control the high harmonic generation light properties. We will present strategies to manipulate the orbital angular momentum of light.
Finally, we investigate high harmonic generation in 2D semiconductors. Graphene has attracted significant attention in recent years due to its extraordinary mechanical, electronic and optoelectronic properties. High harmonic generation from graphene on substrate has been reported for the first time very recently8. Here, we report for the first time on the generation of high harmonics from free-standing graphene. We study the laser polarization dependence of the harmonics to reveal the impact of the band-gap opening induced by the substrate.

1. Ghimire, S. et al. Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal. Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2011).
2. Luu, T. T. et al. Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids. Nature 521, 498–502 (2015).Sivis, M. et al. Tailored semiconductors for high-harmonic optoelectronics. Science 357, 303–306 (2017).
3. Ndabashimiye, G. et al. Solid-state harmonics beyond the atomic limit. Nature 534, 520–523 (2016).
4. Han, S. et al. High-harmonic generation by field enhanced femtosecond pulses in metal-sapphire nanostructure. Nat. Commun. 7, 13105 (2016).
5. Vampa, G. et al. Plasmon-enhanced high-harmonic generation from silicon. Nat. Phys. 13, 659–662 (2017).
6. Sivis, M. et al. Tailored semiconductors for high-harmonic optoelectronics. Science 357, 303–306 (2017).
7. Franz et al. submitted to Science Advances
8. Naotaka Yoshikawa, Tomohiro Tamaya, Koichiro Tanaka, Science 356, 736–738 (2017).

Séminaire de Hamed Merdji - 108.9 kio

13 mars 2018